##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

مرتضی شاهمرادی امیر تائبی هستی هاشمی نژاد

چکیده

در این تحقیق، میزان پتانسیل حذف فلز سنگین کروم (VI) از محلول­های آبی توسط پوسته میوه تمبرهندی اصلاح شده با اسیدسولفوریک بررسی شد. روش سطحی پاسخ بر اساس روش D-optimal برای بهینه­سازی جذب کروم (VI) توسط ذرات پوسته میوه تمبرهندی اصلاح شده به کار رفت. پنج متغیر مستقل از جمله، دز جاذب برابر (1-7g/L)، سرعت لرزاننده (شیکر) برابر (50-200rpm)، pH اولیه محلول برابر (10-1)، غلظت اولیه محلول کروم (VI) برابر ((5-150mg/L و زمان تماس برابر (30-120min) برای پیش­بینی بازدهی حذف فلز سنگین کروم (VI) به کار رفت. اهمیت متغیرهای مستقل و تقابل آنها توسط آنالیز واریانس (ANOVA) بررسی شد. با استفاده از بهینه­سازی به مقادیر بهینه دز جاذب برابر 3g/L، سرعت لرزاننده برابر 200rpm، pH برابر 1، غلظت محلول کروم برابر 150mg/L و زمان تماس برابر 90min به بیشینه ظرفیت جذب محلول کروم (VI) برابر 23mg/g دسترسی پیدا کردیم؛ نتایج آزمایشات جذب با مدل ایزوترم فرندلیچ سازگاری بیشتری داشت.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

بهینه¬سازی, پوسته میوه تمبرهندی, روش رویه پاسخ, محلول کروم 6 بار مثبت, D-optimal

مراجع
Abrowski D., Hubicki Z., Podko Scielny P., and Robens E. 2004. Selective of the heavy metal ions from waters and industrial wastewater by ion-exchange method. Chemosphere, 56: 91-106.
2- Ahmad R. 2004. Sawdust: Cost effective scavenger for the removal of chromium (iii) ions from aqueous solutions. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 163: 169-183.
3- Alaerts G.J., Jitjaturant V., and Kelderman P. 1989. Use of coconut shell based activated carbon for chromium (VI) removal. Water Science Technology, 21: 1701–1704.
4- Alam M.Z., Muyibi S.A., and Toramae J. 2007. Statistical optimization of adsorption processes for removal of 2, 4-dichlorophenol by activated carbon derived from oil palm empty fruit bunches. Journal Environment Science, 19: 674–677.
5- Aliabadi M., Irani M., Ismaeili J., and Najafzadeh S. 2014. Design and evaluation of chitosan/ hydroxyapatite composite nanofiber membrane for the removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. Journal Taiwan Inst Chem Engineering, 45: 518-526.
6- American Public Health Association. 1998. Standard methods for examination of water and wastewater.
7- Annadurai G., Juang R.S., and Lee D.J. 2001. Adsorption of heavy metals from water using banana and orange peels. Water Science Technology, 47: 185–190.
8- Babu B.V. 2008. Adsorption of Cr (VI) using activated neem leaves: kinetic studies. Springer Science+Business Media, 14: 85-92.
9- Celevi O., Uzum C., Shahwan T., and Erten H.N. 2007. A radiotracer study of the adsorption behavior of aqueous Ba2+ ions on nanoparticles of zero-valent iron. Journal Hazardous Materials, 148: 761–767.
10- Cimino G., Passerini A., and Toscano G. 2000. Removal of toxic cations and Cr (VI) from aqueous solution by hazelnut shell. Water Research, 34: 2955–2962.
11- Dinesh M., and Charles U. 2006. Activated carbons and low cost adsorbents for remediation of tri- and hexavalent chromium from water. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 137: 762-811.
12- Gunaraj V., and Murugan N. 1999. Application of response surface methodology for predicting weld bead quality in submerged arc welding of pipes. Journal Mater. Process. Technology, 88: 266–275.
13- Gupta Suresh., and Babu B.V. 2009. Utilization of waste product (tamarind seeds) for the removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions: Equilibrium, kinetics, and regeneration studies. Journal of Environmental Management, 90: 3013–3022.
14- Gupta V.K., Shrivastava A.K. and Jain N. 2001. Biosorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions by green algae spirogyra species. Water Research, 25: 4079-4090.
15- Hamadi N.K., Chen X.D., Farid M.M., and Lu M.G.Q. 2001. Adsorption kinetics for the removal of chromium(VI) from aqueous solution by adsorbents derived from used tyres and sawdust. Chem. Engineering Journal, 84(2): 95–105.
16- Hamilton M.J., and Mann-Whitney U. 2004. September 2 Sample Test (a. k. a. Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test), Department of Anthropology. University of New Mexico, Albuqueque, NM, USA.
17- Kobya M. 2004. Removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto hazelnut shell activated carbon: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Bioresour. Technology, 91: 317–321.
18- Liu H.L., and Chiou Y.R. 2005. Optimal decolorization efficiency of Reactive Red 239 by UV/TiO photocatalytic process coupled with response surface methodology. Chem. Engineering Journal, 112: 173–179.
19- Low K.S., Lee C.K., and Ay N.G. 1999. Column study on the sorption of Cr (VI) using quaternized rice hulls, Bioresour. Technology, 68: 205–208.
20- Mahvi A.H., Naghipour D., Vaezi F., and Nazmara S. 2005. Teawaste as an adsorbent for heavy metal removal from industrial wastewaters. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 2: 272-275.
21- Mohan D., and Pittman Jr Ch. 2006. Activated carbons and low cost adsorbents for remediation of tri- and hexavalent chromium from water, Journal Hazardous Materials, 137: 762–811.
22- Myers R.H., and Montgomery D.C. 2001. Response Surface Methodology, second edWiley.
23- Periasamy K., Srinivasan K., and Murugan P.R. 1991. Studies on chromium (VI) removal by activated ground nut husk carbon. Indian Journal Environment Health, 33: 433–439.
24- Ricou-Hoeffer P., Lecuyer I., and Lecloires P. 2001. Experimental design methodology applied to adsorption of metallic ions on to fly ash. Water Research, 35: 965–976.
25- Sahu J.N., Acharya J., and Meikap B.C. 2009. Response surface modeling and optimization of chromium (VI) removal from aqueous solution using Tamarind wood activated carbon in batch process, Journal Hazardous Material, 172: 818–825.
26- Selomulya C., Meeyoo V., and Amal R. 1999. Mechanisms of Cr (VI) removal from water by various types of activated carbons. Journal Chem. Technology Biotechnology, 74: 111–122.
27- Selvi K., Pattabhi S., and Kadirvelu K. 2001. Removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution by adsorption onto activated carbon. Bioresour. Technology, 80: 87–89.
28- Singh K.P., Malik A., Sinha S., and Ojha P. 2008. Liquid-phase adsorption of phenols using activated carbons derived from agricultural waste material. Journal Hazardous Material, 150: 626–641.
29- Srinivasan K., Balasubramanian N., and Ramakrishnan T.V. 1988. Studies on chromium removal by rice husk carbon. Indian Journal Environment Health, 30: 376–387.
30- Srinivasan K., Balasubramanian N., and Ramakrishna T.V. 1991. Studies on chromium (VI) removal by activated groundnut husk carbon. Indian Journal Environment Health, 33: 433–439.
31- Tan I.A.W., Ahmad A.L., and Hameed B.H. 2008. Optimization of preparation conditions of activated carbons from coconut husk using response surface methodology. Chem. Engineering Journal, 137: 462–470.
32- Xiangyu W., Chau C., Ying C., and Huiling L. 2009. Dechlorination of chlorinated methanes by Pd/Fe bimetallic nanoparticles. Journal Hazardous Material, 161: 815–823.
ارجاع به مقاله
شاهمرادیم., تائبیا., & هاشمی نژاده. (۱۳۹۷-۰۶-۱۱). طراحی و بهینه¬سازی جذب فلز سنگین کروم (VI) از محلول¬های آبی توسط ذرات پوست میوه تمبرهندی فعال شده با اسیدسولفوریک. آب و خاک, 32(5), 891-904. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v32i5.64308
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی