##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

علی افشاری حسین خادمی پریسا علمداری

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر با هدف بدست آوردن اطلاعات مقدماتی از وضعیت آلودگی برخی عناصر سنگین و منابع آلاینده ها با استفاده از آنالیز چندمتغیره در خاک های اراضی مرکزی استان زنجان انجام گرفت. برای این منظور تعداد 241 نمونه خاک سطحی (10-0 سانتی متر) در مرداد ماه 1391 برداشت گردید. خصوصیات فیزیکی و شیمیایی به همراه غلظت کل برخی فلزات سنگین اندازه گیری گردید. بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده، غلظت کل کادمیم 11/4-24/0، مس5/352-3/11، سرب5/1357-0/40، روی8/1353-3/86، نیکل8/86-8/12، کروم7/67-0/7، کبالت7/35-0/17، منگنز1761-338 و آهن27546-8437 میلی گرم بر کیلوگرم اندازه گیری گردید. آنالیز چندمتغیره (تجزیه به مؤلفه های اصلی، آنالیز خوشه ای و همبستگی) دو منبع مختلف فلزات را جدا کرد. عناصر سرب، روی، مس و کادمیم در یک گروه قرار گرفتند که با توجه به منابع مختلف و نتایج حاصل شده، متأثر از فعالیت های انسانی فرض شدند. عناصر آهن، کروم، کبالت، منگنز و نیکل در گروه دیگر جای گرفتند که به نظر می رسد از منابع زمین شناختی مشتق می شوند. با توجه به نتایج به دست آمده، کنترل ورودی های با منشا انسانی در منطقه ضروری است.

جزئیات مقاله

مراجع
1- Afshari A. 2012. Factors affecting the spatial distribution of selected heavy metals in surface soils of Zanjan and their profile variations. MSC thesis for Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology. (In Persian with English Abstract)
2- Afshari A., Khademi H., and Ayoubi Sh. 2014. The effect of parent materials on some heavy metal geochemical characteristics and physicochemical properties soil around of ZanjanProvince.The 13th Congress of Iranian Soil Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.(In Persian)
3- Bahmani B., Delavar M.A., and Abdollahi S. 2013.Assessment geostatical of zinc content in surface soil at the ShahrakeTakhassosiRoii region, ZanjanProvince.The 6th National Conference and Exhibition of Environmental Engineering, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian)
4- Bahmani B., Delavar M.A., and Abdollahi S. 2013.Assessment geostatical of cadmium content in surface soil at the ShahrakeTakhassosiRoii region, ZanjanProvince.The 6th National Conference and Exhibition of Environmental Engineering, Tehran, Iran.(In Persian)
5-Bai J., Xiao, R., Cui, B., Zhang, K., Wang, Q., Liu, X., Gao, H., and Huang, L. 2011. Assessment of heavy metal pollution in wetland soils from the young and old reclaimed regions in the Pearl River Estuary, South China. Environmental Pollution, 159: 817-824.
6- Bhuiyan, M.A.H., Parvez, L., Islam, M.A., Dampare, S.B., and Suzuki, S. 2010. Heavy metal pollution of coal mine-affected agricultural soils in the northern part of Bangladesh. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 173: 384-392.
7- Burt, R. (Ed.). 2004. Soil Survey Laboratory Methods Manual, Soil Survey Investigations, Report No. 42, Version 4.0, USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Lincoln, NE, USA. 735 p.
8- Chabukdhara, M., and Nema, A.K. 2012. Assessment of heavy metal contamination in Hindon River sediment: A chemometric and geochemical approach. Chemosphere, 87: 945-953.
9- Chen, T.B., Zheng, Y.M., Lei, M., Huang, Z.C., Wu, H.T., Chen, H., Fan, K.K., Yu, K., Wu, X., and Tian, Q.Z. 2005. Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surface soils of urban parks in Beijing, China. Chemosphere, 60: 542-551.
10- Esmaeili M., Taheri M., Jafari H., Takasi M., Tabande L., and Khoshzaman T. 2012.Spatial distribution zinc and copper contamination in rainfed soils in city of Zanjan.The 12th Congress of Iranian Soil Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. (In Persian)
11- Farahmandkia Z., Mehrasbi M.R., Sekhawatju M.S., Hasanalizadeh A.Sh., and Ramezanzadeh Z. 2010. Study of heavy metals in the atmospheric deposition in Zanjan, Iran. Iran J. Health Environ. 4: 240-249. (In Persian with English Abstract)
12- Dragovic S., Mihailovic N., and Gajic B. 2008. Heavy metals in soils: Distribution, relationship with soil characteristics and radionuclides and multivariate assessment of contamination sources. Chemosphere, 72: 491-495.
13- Golchin A., Esmaeili M., and Takasi M. 2006. Design report of the pollutant sources soils, gardens and crops at the heavy metals in Zanjan Province. Management and Planning Organization of Zanjan. (In Persian)
14- Khamesi S.J., and Asadi A. 2008. Evaluation of toxic and hazardous waste resulting from the activity of lead and zinc industry in the Province of Zanjan. Journal of Environmental. 46: 11-20. (In Persian)
15- Kribek B., Majer V., Veselovsky F., and Nyambe I. 2010. Discrimination of lithogenic and anthropogenic sources of metals and sulphur in soils of the central-northern part of the Zambian Copperbelt mining district: a topsoil vs. subsurface soil concept. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 104: 69-86.
16- Li X., and Feng L. 2012. Multivariate and geostatistical analyzes of metals in urban soil of Weinan industrial areas, Northwest of China. Atmospheric Environment, 47: 58-65.
17- Li J., He M., Han W., and Gu Y. 2009. Analysis and assessment on heavy metal source in the coastal soils developed from alluvial deposits using multivariate statistical methods. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 164: 976-981.
18- Mico C., Recatala L., Peris M., and Sanchez J. 2006. Assessing heavy metal sources in agricultural soils of an European Mediterranean area by multivariate analysis. Chemosphere, 65: 863-872.
19- NaimiMarandi S., Ayoubi S., and Khademi H. 2013.Vertical and horizontal variability of lead and nickel in Zobahan industrial district. J. Water Soil. 27: 394-405. (In Persian with English Abstract)
20- Norian M., Delavar M.A., and Shekari P. 2012.Assessment geostatical of total lead content in surface soil at the DizajAbad region, ZanjanProvince.The 5th National Conference and Exhibition of Environmental Engineering, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian)
21- Norian M., and Delavar M.A. 2012.Assessment geostatical of total cadmium content in surface soil at theDizajAbadregion, ZanjanProvince.The 6th National Conference and Exhibition of Environmental Engineering, Tehran, Iran. (In Persian)
22- Qishlaqi A., Moore F., and Forghani G. 2009. Characterization of metal pollution in soils under two landuse patterns in the Angouran region, NW Iran; a study based on multivariate data analysis. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 172: 374-384.
23- Sun Y., Zhou Q., Xie X., and Liu R. 2010. Spatial, sources and risk assessment of heavy metal contamination of urban soils in typical regions of Shenyang, China. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 174: 455-462.
24- Sposito G., Lund L.J., and Chang A.C. 1982. Trace metal chemistry in aird-zone field soils amended with sewage sludge: I .Fractionation of Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb in solid phases. Soil Science Society of American Journal. 46: 260-264.
25- Shi G., Chen Z., Bi C., Li Y., Teng J., Wang L., and Xu S. 2010. Comprehensive assessment of toxic metals in urban and suburban street deposited sediments (SDSs) in the bioggestmetrolitan area of China. Environmental Pollution, 158: 694-703.
26-Taghipour M., Ayoubi S., and Khademi H. 2011. Contribution of lithologic and anthropogenic factors to surface soils heavy metals in westernIran using of multivariate geostatistical analysis. Soil and Sediment Contamination, 20: 921-937.
27- Teng Y., Ni S., Wang J., Zuo R., and Yang J. 2010. A geochemical survey of trace elements in agricultural and non-agricultural topsoil in Dexing area, China. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 104: 118-127.
28- USDA. 1999. Soil Taxonomy. A Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys, Handbook No. 436.Soil Survey Staff, Washington, DC.
29- Wu S., Xia X., Lin C., Chen X., and Zhou C. 2010. Levels of arsenic and heavy metals in the rural soils of Beijing and their changes over the last two decades (1985-2008). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 179: 860-868.
ارجاع به مقاله
افشاریع., خادمیح., & علمداریپ. (2015). تعیین عوامل انسانی و طبیعی آلودگی برخی فلزات سنگین در اراضی مرکزی استان زنجان (مطالعه بر اساس آنالیز چندمتغیره). آب و خاک, 29(5), 1320-1332. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v29i5.34168
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی