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لیلا زارع عبدالمجید رونقی سید علی اکبر موسوی رضا قاسمی

چکیده

به منظور مطالعه اثر کاربرد ورمی کمپوست بر رشد و ترکیب شیمیایی ذرت تحت تنش آبی، آزمایشی گلخانه ای به صورت فاکتوریل (3×4) و در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با سه تکرار اجرا شد. تیمارهای مورد استفاده شامل چهار سطح ورمی کمپوست دامی (0، 10، 20 و 30 گرم در کیلوگرم خاک) و سه سطح رطوبت ( 100، 80 و 60 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه) بود. نتایج نشان داد که افزایش سطوح ورمی کمپوست سبب افزایش معنادار وزن خشک ذرت و غلظت نیتروژن، فسفر، آهن، مس و روی در اندام هوایی ذرت شد. اما غلظت منگنز به طور معناداری کاهش یافت، هرچند غلظت منگنز در گستره کفایت بود. با افزایش سطوح تنش آبی وزن خشک ذرت به طور معناداری کاهش یافت و به دلیل کاهش زیست توده گیاه، غلظت عناصر ذکر شده در اندام هوایی ذرت افزایش معنادار داشت. کاربرد 30 گرم ورمی کمپوست تحت تنش آبی 60 و 80 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه، غلظت نیتروژن، فسفر، روی، مس و آهن اندام هوایی ذرت را نسبت به تیمار شاهد در هر سطح تنش آبی به طور معناداری افزایش داد. در سطح تنش آبی 60 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه کاربرد 30 گرم ورمی کمپوست سبب افزایش معنادار وزن خشک ذرت نسبت به تیمار شاهد (در تنش آبی مربوطه) شد. با توجه به اثر مثبت کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست در کاهش اثر سوء تنش آبی بر عملکرد و غلظت عناصر غذایی و همچنین با توجه به نقش این کود در بهبود وضعیت تغذیه ای ذرت، کاربرد ورمی کمپوست می تواند کود مناسبی برای استفاده در زمین های کشاورزی که با مشکل کمبود آب مواجه هستند، باشد.

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ارجاع به مقاله
زارعل., رونقیع., موسویس. ع. ا., & قاسمیر. (2016). اثر کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست بر کاهش اثر سوء تنش آبی بر رشد و ترکیب شیمیایی ذرت در یک خاک آهکی. آب و خاک, 30(5), 1607-1619. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v0i0.46319
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی