سیروس صادقی شاهین اوستان نصرت اله نجفی مصطفی ولیزاده حسن منیری‌فر


دو فلز Zn وCd رفتار ژئوشیمیایی مشابهی دارند؛ از اینرو، اثر Zn بر تجمع Cd در گیاهان حائز اهمیت است. در این تحقیق، برای بررسی اثر متقابل Cd و Zn بر رشد و ترکیب شیمیایی ذرت (Zea mays cv. single cross 704)، آزمایش گلخانه‌ای به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با دو فاکتور Cd در هشت سطح (صفر، 5/0، 5/2، 5، 10، 20، 40 و mg kg-1 80) از منبع 3CdSO4.8H2O و Zn در هشت سطح (صفر، 5، 25، 50، 100، 200، 400 و mg kg-1 800) از منبع ZnSO4.7H2O، در سه تکرار با کشت گیاه ذرت در یک خاک شن لومی اجرا شد. بعد از 60 روز، وزن خشک بخش هوایی و ریشه و غلظت‌های Cd ، Zn ، Fe، Mn و Cu در این دو بخش اندازه‌گیری شدند. در سطوح 5/0، 5/2، 20 و mg Cd kg-1 80 (به استثنای تیمار Cd0.5-Zn25)، کاربرد 5 تا mg Zn kg-1 50 در مقایسه با سطح صفر Zn باعث افزایش وزن خشک بخش هوایی شده و در سطوح بالاتر Zn، کاهش این صفت مشاهده شد. در سطوح 5 و mg Cd kg-1 10، کاربرد 5 تا mg Zn kg-1 100، باعث افزایش وزن خشک بخش هوایی شده و در سطوح بالاتر Zn، کاهش این صفت مشاهده شد. در سطح mg Cd kg-1 40، کاربرد 5 تا mg Zn kg-1 200، باعث افزایش وزن خشک بخش هوایی شد و با کاربرد mg Zn kg-1 400، کاهش این صفت مشاهده شد. در سطح mg Cd kg-1 5/0، کاربرد تمامی سطوح Zn باعث افزایش غلظت Cd بخش هوایی شد؛ اما در سطح mg Cd kg-1 80، مصرف 5 تا mg Zn kg-1 200 باعث کاهش غلظت Cd بخش هوایی شد. در همین سطح Cd، مصرف mg Zn kg-1 400 باعث افزایش غلظت Cd بخش هوایی گردید. با توجه به نتایج، در سطوح پایین Cd، مصرف Zn در هر سطح باعث افزایش غلظت Cd بخش هوایی و ریشه شد، اما در سطوح بالای Cd، مصرف سطوح پایین Zn باعث کاهش غلظت Cd بخش هوایی و ریشه گردید و با مصرف سطوح بالای Zn، افزایش این صفت مشاهده شد. به‌طور کلی، در تمامی سطوح Cd، کاربرد مقادیر متوسط Zn از انباشت Cd در بخش هوایی جلوگیری کرد، ولی مصرف مقادیر کم و زیاد Zn باعث تشدید این انباشت گردید.

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ارجاع به مقاله
صادقیس., اوستانش., نجفین. ا., ولیزادهم., & منیری‌فرح. (2017). اثر متقابل کادمیم و روی بر رشد و ترکیب شیمیایی ذرت. آب و خاک, 31(2), 460-477. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v31i3.50980
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی