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حدیث حاتمی امیر فتوت اکرم حلاج نیا

چکیده

به¬دلیل واکنش فسفر با ترکیبات موجود در خاک، فراهمی فسفر به‌عنوان یک فاکتور محدود‌کننده برای تولید فرآورده‌های کشاورزی در سراسر جهان مطرح است. این پژوهش با هدف مقایسه تاثیر ترکیب سنتزی هیدروکسید مضاعف لایه¬ای (LDH) با آنیون بین لایه ای فسفات و کود شیمیایی سوپر فسفات تریپل (TSP) بر فراهمی فسفر یک خاک آهکی در طی زمان انجام شد. به این منظور ابتدا Zn-Al LDH با آنیون بین¬لایه¬ای فسفات (P-LDH) به روش تبادل یونی ساخته شد و سپس یک آزمایش انکوباسیون در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با آرایش فاکتوریل دربرگیرنده دو ترکیب حاوی فسفر (P-LDH و TSP)، چهار سطح فسفر (صفر (شاهد)، 18، 45 و 90 میلی¬گرم فسفر بر کیلوگرم)، 8 زمان (1، 5، 10، 20، 40، 70، 100 و 150 روز) و سه تکرار انجام شد. در پایان هر زمان مقادیر فسفر و روی قابل دسترس، pH و هدایت الکتریکی (EC) نمونه¬ها اندازه¬گیری گردید. نتایج نشان داد که کاربرد P-LDH و TSP منجر به افزایش معنی¬دار فسفر قابل دسترس در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد گردید اما روند تغییرات رهاسازی فسفر در این دو منبع با گذشت زمان متفاوت بود. در نمونه¬های P-LDH برخلاف TSP با گذشت زمان فسفر قابل دسترس افزایش یافت تا آن¬جا که تفاوت میان این دو منبع در هر سه سطح فسفر در زمان 150 روز از نظر آماری معنی¬دار گردید. این امر احتمالا به¬دلیل رهاسازی آهسته فسفر از ساختمان P-LDH و کاهش واکنش فسفر با ترکیبات خاک رخ داده است. در اثر انحلال ترکیب P-LDH در خاک هم¬زمان با آنیون فسفر کاتیون روی هم وارد محلول خاک شد که منجر به افزایش قابل توجه روی قابل دسترس خاک در تیمارهای P-LDH گردید. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که تغییرات pH و EC در هر دو منبع یکسان بوده و تفاوت معنی¬داری میان دو منبع مشاهده نشد. بنابراین به¬نظر می¬رسد که P-LDH می¬تواند به¬عنوان یک کود کندرهای فسفره سبب افزایش کارایی فسفر گردد اما سطوح بالای این ترکیب به¬دلیل بالا بودن مقادیر روی قابل دسترس توصیه نمی¬شوند.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
حاتمیح., فتوتا., & حلاج نیاا. (2018). تاثیر هیدروکسید مضاعف لایه¬ای با آنیون بین لایه¬ای فسفات بر فراهمی فسفر در یک خاک آهکی. آب و خاک, 32(1), 45-57. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v31i5.60983
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی