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سید بهروز حسینی علی صارمی محمد حسین نوری قیداری حسین صدقی علیرضا فیروزفر

چکیده

بررسی تغییرات کاربری اراضی، يکی از مهم‌ترين جنبه‌های مديريت منابع طبیعی و بازنگری در تغییرات محیطی است. با افزايش نیاز به تأمین مواد غذايی و ملزومات زندگی بشر، تغییراتی در سطح زمین ايجاد می‌شود که می‌تواند موجب تخريب اراضی و منابع موجود در آن گردد. این تغییرات، در اثر تقابل نیازهای همیشگی جوامع انسانی و محیطی با زمین ایجاد می‌شود. در تحقیق حاضر با استفاده از تکنیك سنجش از دور، تغییرات کاربری اراضی منطقه طارم (در شمال‌غرب ایران) در بازه زمانی بین سال‌های 1393 تا 1396 با استفاده از تصاوير لندست 8 مورد پايش قرار گرفت. تصحیحات اتمسفری به‌وسیله الگوريتم FLAASH در نرم‌افزار ENVI 5.3 انجام شد و از روش طبقه‌بندی نظارت شده حداکثر درست‌نمايی، برای تولید نقشه‌های کاربری اراضی در پنج طبقه (شامل اراضی بایر، جنگل و باغ، پهنه سنگی، زراعت و پیکره آبی) استفاده گردید. نتایج نشان داد که نقشه‌های تهیه شده برای سال‌های 1393 و 1396، به‌ترتیب دارای دقت کلی 16/92 و 19/89 درصد بود. آماره کاپای این تصاویر نیز به‌ترتیب 89/0 و 85/ محاسبه شد که در محدوده قابل قبول می‌باشد. در منطقه طارم، بیش‌ترین مساحت محدوده مطالعاتی، متعلق به پهنه کوهستانی است (بیش از 70 درصد مساحت منطقه) و مشخص گردید که بیش‌ترین تغییرات در کاربری اراضی (کاهش 83 کیلومتر مربع)، متعلق به اراضی بایر و مراتع بود که در طی سه سال، تبدیل به باغات گردیده و در آنها درختکاری (عموماً درخت زیتون، گردو و انار) انجام شده است. علت تغییرات ذکر شده، رهاسازی آب از سد بالادست منطقه مورد مطالعه بود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

آماره کاپا, تصاویر ماهواره‌ای, حوضه طارم, لندست 8, نرم‌افزار ENVI

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ارجاع به مقاله
حسینیس. ب., صارمیع., نوری قیداریم. ح., صدقیح., & فیروزفرع. (2020). طبقه‌بندی کاربری اراضی و تعیین الگوی تغییرات سال‌های 1393 تا 1396 با استفاده از داده‌های سنجنده OLI. آب و خاک, 34(1), 55-71. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v34i2.74878
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی