##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

طیبه شجاعی غلامعباس فلاح قالهری عبدالرضا کاشکی

چکیده

با توجه به کمبود منابع آبی در کشور و دگرگونی اقلیمی، شناخت نواحی مستعد کشت درختان میوه براساس شرایط اقلیمی به منظور استفاده بهینه حائز اهمیت است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف توان‌سنجی شرایط اقلیمی ایران برای کشت درخت انگور کشمشی براساس تکنیک­های چند معیاره و سامانه اطلاعات جغرافیایی بررسی شده است. در این راستا از آمار 200 ایستگاه هواشناسی عمده در سطح کشور در مقیاس­های زمانی ساعتی، روزانه و ماهانه برای تعیین لایه­های اطلاعاتی زیر معیارهای اقلیمی استفاده شد. آستانه­های رشد و نمو درخت انگور براساس مطالعات کتابخانه­ای مشخص شد. برای تعیین انباشت سرمایی مناطق مختلف کشور از مدل ساعات سرمایی CH استفاده شد. در ادامه با استفاده از فرآیند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی، معیارها و زیرمعیارهای اقلیمی لازم تعیین گردید. نتایج نشان داد که انباشت سرمایی دوره رکود که نیاز سرمایی را برطرف می­کند، مهم­ترین زیر معیار اقلیمی برای سنجش قابلیت­های کشت درخت انگور محسوب می­شود. همچنین در ایران 42195637.8 هکتار دارای قابلیت نامناسب و 42721336.2 دارای قابلیت ضعیف و 75492510 هکتار از قابلیت مناسب برای کشت انگور در گستره ایران برخوردار می­باشد. مناطق مناسب کشت درخت انگور منطبق بر دامنه‌های مناطق کوهستانی و نسبتاً مرتفع در نیمه غربی، شمال غرب، شمال شرق و مناطق پراکنده مرکز، شرق و جنوب شرق قرار دارد. محدوده مناسب کشت درختان انگور 42 درصد از سطح مساحت کشور را شامل می­شود. نتایج و دستاوردهای مطالعه حاضر به عنوان الگویی برای کشت درختان خزان کننده سردسیر بر مبنای توان اقلیمی و جغرافیایی در جهت استفاده بهینه از منابع طبیعی حائز اهمیت می­باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

ایران, توان‌سنجی, درخت انگور, شرایط اقلیمی

مراجع
1- Acharya T.D., and Yang I.T. 2015. Vineyard suitability analysis of Nepal. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 6(1): 13-19.
2- Ahmadi H. 2017. Study of Climate Change Effects on Apple Tree in Iran. Ph.D., Faculty of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University. (In Persian)
3- Akıncı H., Ozalp A.Y., and Turgut B. 2013. Agricultural land use suitability analysis using GIS and AHP technique. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 97: 71-82.
4- Alavizadeh S.A.M., Esmailpour A.M., and Hosseinzadeh Kerman M. 2013. Saffron Agriculture and Technology Journal 1: 71-95. (In Persian)
5- Alphonce C.B. 1997. Application of the analytic hierarchy process in agriculture in developing countries. Agricultural Systems 53(1): 97-112.
6- Amini R. 2013. Climatic feasibility study of grape cultivation in the northeast of the country. Master's thesis, Faculty of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University. (In Persian)
7- Ashrafi A., Mikaeli J., and Dehghani M. 2013. Evaluating ecological power and zoning of jujube culture in South Khorasan province. Journal of Geographic Space Golestan University 7: 67-86. (In Persian)
8- Badr G., Hoogenboom G., Moyer M., Keller M., Rupp R., and Davenport J. 2018. Spatial suitability assessment for vineyard site selection based on fuzzy logic, Precision Agric 19(6): 1027-1048.
9- Bidadi M.J., Kamkar B., and Abdi O. 2014. The zoning of susceptible areas of soybean cultivation in the area of Qeshv using Geographic Information System (GIS). Journal of Crop Production 7(2): 187-175. (In Persian)
10- Borna R., and Alizadeh M. 2016. Climatic zonation of citrus cultivation in Khuzestan province by hierarchical analysis method. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology 4(1): 12-21. (In Persian)
11- Carbo A., Torres R., Teixido N., Usall J., Medina A., and Magan N. 2018. Impact of climate change environmental conditions on the resilience of different formulations of the biocontrol agent Candida sake CPA‐1 on grapes. Letters in applied microbiology.
12- Chavez M.D., Berentsen P.B.M., and Lansink A.O. 2012. Assessment of criteria and farming activities for tobacco diversification using the Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) technique. Agricultural Systems 111: 53-62.
13- Fallah Qalhari Gh. A., Asadi M., and Dadashi Roudbari A. A.2015. Determination of susceptible areas of rainfed wheat (Case study: Fars Province). Agricultural Meteorology Journal 2: 68-73. (In Persian)
14- Fallah Qalhari Gh.A., and Ahmadi H. 2018. Examination of the pattern of cold weather accumulation in Iranian cold regions based on CH, UTAH, CP models. Geography and Development 51: 99-120. (In Persian)
15- Fall Soleyman M., Hajipour M., and Sadeghi H. 2013. Comparison of the Efficiency of Multi-Attribute Decision Making Techniques (AHP) and Topsis for Determining Areas Susceptible to Cultivation of Pistachio Cultivars in Mokhtaran Plain of Birjand County in Geographic Information System (GIS). Journal of Applied Geographical Sciences 13(31): 155-133. (In Persian)
16- Ghodsipour S.H. 2010. Analytical hierarchy process. Amir Kabir University of Technology. (In Persian)
17- Heidari H., and Saeed Abadi R. 2010. Multivariate climate classification of grapevine areas in Iran. Natural Geographic Research 68: 59-70. (In Persian)
18- Hejazi Zadeh Z., Shalighah M., Balyani Y., Hosseini S.M., and Mahoutchi M.H. 2013. Location of olive cultivation using climatic and terrestrial parameters by hierarchical analysis method. Case study: Fars province. Journal of Applied Geosciences Research 30: 172-190. (In Persian)
19- Hobbs B.F., and Meier P.M. 1994. Multi criteria methods for resource planning: An experimental comparison. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 9(4): 1811–1817.
20- Instructions for building a garden in sloping lands. 2009. Study plan of the deputy of strategic planning and strategic planning of the presidency. (In Persian)
21- Jamshidi K. 2017. Determine areas susceptible to grape cultivation in Bokan city using GIS. Research on Fruit Cultivation 2(2): 40-17. (In Persian)
22- Jebari A., del Prado A., Pardo G., Rodríguez Martín J.A., and Álvaro-Fuentes J. 2018. Modeling Regional Effects of Climate Change on Soil Organic Carbon in Spain. Journal of Environmental Quality.
23- Kalogirou S. 2002. Expert systems and GIS: an application of land suitability evaluation. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 26(2): 89-112.
24- Khorshid Dost A.M., Sobhani B., Azram K., and Amini J. 2015. Assessment of Environmental Capacity of West Azarbaijan Province for Rapeseed Cultivation Based on AHP Method and TOPSIS Model. Geography and Planning 52: 141-161. (In Persian)
25- Khoshkhooy M., Sheibani B., Rouhani I., and Tafazoli E.A. 2008. Principles of gardening. Shiraz University Press, 17th edition, Shiraz. (In Persian)
26- Kizildeniz T., Pascual I., Irigoyen J., and Morales F. 2018. Using fruit-bearing cuttings of grapevine and temperature gradient greenhouses to evaluate effects of climate change (elevated CO2 and temperature, and water deficit) on the cv. red and white Tempranillo. Yield and must quality in three consecutive growing seasons (2013–2015). Agricultural Water Management 202: 299-310.
27- Luedeling E. 2012. Climate change impact on winter chill for temperate fruit and nut production: A review. Journal of Scientia Horticulture 144: 218-229.
28- Maniee A.A. 1990. Scientific Seminar of Fruit Trees. Iranian technical publishers. First Edition. Tehran. (In Persian)
29- Mirmosavi S. H., Mirian M. 2014. Study and zoning of geographical features of pistachio cultivation in Zanjan province. Geography and Planning Magazine 18 (49): 295-315. (In Persian)
30- Mohamed A.E., AbdelRahman A., and Natarajan R.H. 2016. Assessment of land suitability and capability by integrating remote sensing and GIS for agriculture in Chamarajanagar district, Karnataka, India. The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences 19: 125–141.
31- Mojarad F., and Ghafourizadeh M. 2014. Climatic potential of saffron cultivation in Kermanshah and Kurdistan provinces. Quarterly Journal of Geographic Research 2:87-102. (In Persian)
32- Quanta. 1975. The Agricultural Meteorological Research Plan on 15 Iranian Strategic Agricultural and Crop Products. the Iranian Meteorological Organization. (In Persian)
33- Rasoulzadegan Y. 1991. Worked fruits in temperate regions, written by M. Ann Wood. First Edition . Isfahan University of Technology. (In Persian with English abstract)
34- Rezaei M. 2012. Estimation of temperature requirements of six commercial cultivars of apricot in Shahroud area in laboratory and field conditions. Journal of Agricultural Research 1: 21-32. (In Persian)
35- Romanovskaja D., and Bakšienė E. 2011. The influence of climate change on the beginning of spring season and prediction of apple tree flowering in Lithuania. Sodininkystė ir Daržininkystė 30(3/4): 29-39.
36- Romesht M.H., Hatami Fard R., and Mousavi S.H. 2013. Urban Solid Waste Landfill Location Using AHP Model and GIS Technique (Case Study: Kuhdasht County). Journal of Geography and Planning 17(14): 138-119. (In Persian)
37- Saaty T.L. 1992. Decision Making for Leaders. RWS Publications, Pittsburgh, USA.
38- Seinfeld J.H., and Pandis S.N. 2016. Atmospheric chemistry and physics: from air pollution to climate change: John Wiley & Sons.
39- Shiravand D. 2010. Principles for the construction and management of fruit gardens (planting, harvesting and harvesting), garden construction, reproduction, cuttings, grafting, plowing, and storage and storage. Publications on education and agricultural promotion. First Edition. Tehran. (In Persian)
40- Shahiwandi M.S., Khalidi Sh., Shakiba A., and Mirbagheri B. 2012. Zoning of Corn Agricultural Climate in Lorestan Province Using Geographic Information Systems Techniques. Journal of Applied Geosciences Research 29:195-214. (In Persian)
41- Tonietto J., and Carbonneau A. 2002. A multicriteria climatic classification system for grape-growing regions worldwide. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 124: 81–97.
42- Yazdan Panah H.A., Kamali Gh.A., Hejazi Zadeh Z., and Ziaeian P. 2006. Location of land suitable for almond cultivation in East Azarbaijan Province. Journal of Geography and Development 8: 193-203. (In Persian)
43- Zarrin M., and Farahani H.R. 2015. Comprehensive guide for gardening. Technical publications of the Zarrin farm. First Printing. Tehran. (In Persian)
44- Zolfaghari H., Farhadi B., and Rahimi H. 2013. Iran's Climate Potential for Soybean Culture. Journal of Geography and Planning 56: 89-105. (In Persian)
ارجاع به مقاله
شجاعیط., فلاح قالهریغ., & کاشکیع. (2019). توان‌سنجی کشت درخت انگور در ایران براساس شرایط اقلیمی. آب و خاک, 33(6), 923-942. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v33i6.74900
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی