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ناصر میران میرحسن رسولی صدقیانی ولی فیضی اصل ابراهیم سپهر مهدی رحمتی سلمان میرزایی

چکیده

پایش سریع و غیر مخرب نیتروژن آسمانه گیاهی در محصولات زراعی به ویژه گیاه گندم برای مدیریت دقیق نیتروژن بسیار حائز اهمیت است. آنالیز­های شیمیایی رایج برای تعیین وضعیت عناصر غذایی گیاهان معمولاً استفاده از روش­های آزمایشگاهی می­باشد. این روش­ها اغلب زمان­بر، پرهزینه همراه با تخریب بافت­های گیاهی می­باشند. لذا بررسی و به کارگیری روش­های سریع و کم هزینه می­تواند به مدیریت هر چه بهتر مزارع کمک نماید. در این راستا، هدف از این پژوهش ارزیابی کارایی تصاویر سنجنده ETM+ در تعیین مقدار نیتروژن آسمانه گیاهی بود. به همین منظور، در 45 مزرعه از مزارع گندم دیم شمالغرب ایران، همبستگی بین داده­های انعکاسی به دست آمده از باندهای تصاویر ماهواره­ لندست 7 و مقدار نیتروژن اندازه­گیری شده در آزمایشگاه به دست آمد. بالاترین و پایین ترین مقدار نیتروژن آسمانه گیاهی اندازه­گیری شده در منطقه مورد مطالعه بترتیب 6/1 و 79/0 درصد و میانگین آن 11/1 درصد بود و همبستگی نسبتاً بالایی بین باندهای مختلف تصویر سنجنده ETM+ بجز باند 4 و مقدار نیتروژن آسمانه گیاهی وجود داشت. با توجه به همبستگی بالای بین داده­های انعکاسی باندهای مختلف (از 816/0 تا 841/0) و به منظور کاهش حجم و تکرار محاسبات تجزیه به مؤلفه­های اصلی بین داده­های باندهای مختلف تصویر ETM+ انجام گرفت. در نهایت رابطه رگرسیونی بین مؤلفه اصلی اول استاندارد شده (ZPC1) و میزان نیتروژن آسمانه گیاهی ایجاد شد. نتایج نشان داد که رابطه رگرسیونی قوی و معنی­داری  بین مقدار نیتروژن آسمانه گیاهی و مؤلفه ZPC1 با 71/0  R2= وجود دارد. با توجه به دقت کافی مدل رگرسیونی ایجاد شده، می­توان نتیجه­گیری کرد که از داده­های سنجش از دور می­توان برای مدیریت و پایش دقیق­تر وضعیت نیتروژن مزارع گندم دیم کشور استفاده کرد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

سنجش از دور, مؤلفه اصلی اول, نیتروژن

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ارجاع به مقاله
میرانن., رسولی صدقیانیم., فیضی اصلو., سپهرا., رحمتیم., & میرزاییس. (2019). ارزیابی میزان نیتروژن کل آسمانه گندم دیم با استفاده از تصاویر ماهواره¬ای ETM+ در جنوب استان آذربایجان غربی. آب و خاک, 33(5), 739-749. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v33i5.78811
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی