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لادن حیدری حسین بیات جواد حمزه ئی تهمینه قیطاسی رنجبر سمیه بهرامیان راغب فاطمه مدینه خرمی

چکیده

علی‌رغم تأثیر قابل توجه قار‌چ­ها و باکتری‌ها بر پایداری ساختمان خاک، تأثیر قارچ مایکوریزا گونه گلوموس موسه­آ و باکتری ریزوبیوم بر ساختمان خاک، به‌ندرت مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. آزمايش در قالب طرح بلوک‌هاي کامل تصادفي با سه تکرار در دو مرحله گلخانه‌اي و مزرعه‌‌اي با کشت نخود اجرا شد. در شرايط مزرعه تيمارهاي آزمايشي شامل قارچ مايکوريزا گونه گلوموس موسه­آ، باکتري ريزوبيوم، ترکيب تيمار اول و دوم (مايکوريزا-باکتري ريزوبيوم) و شاهد (بدون تلقيح) و در شرايط گلخانه علاوه بر چهار تيمار فوق تيمار ماده زمينه سترون شده قارچ مايکوريزا و تيمار بدون گياه، تيمارهاي آزمايشي بودند. مقدار کربن آلی و پایداری خاکدانه‌ها در حالت تر مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج گلخانه­ای نشان داد که تیمار مایکوریزا نسبت به تیمار شاهد و شاهد بدون گیاه باعث افزایش معنی­دار میانگین وزنی قطر خاکدانه­ها (به‌ترتیب 6/51 و 1/189 درصد) شد. در شرایط گلخانه مقدار کربن آلی دارای همبستگی بالا با میانگین وزنی قطر خاکدانه‌ها (53/0R2=) بود و تیمار حاوی مايکوريزا باعث افزایش کربن آلی از 73/0 درصد در شاهد بدون گیاه به 02/1 درصد شد. در شرايط گلخانه تيمارمايکوريزا باعث افزايش خاکدانه‌هاي درشت و کاهش خاکدانه‌هاي ريز شد. همچنین استفاده همزمان باکتری و قارچ تأثیر کمتری بر پایداری خاکدانه­ها نسبت به اثرات جداگانه آن­ها داشت، زیرا استفاده همزمان، تأثیری بر رشد گیاه نداشت. در شرايط مزرعه تيمارها تأثير معنی­داری بر ساير کلاس اندازه خاکدانه­ها نداشتند. نتایج نشان داد که همزیستی میکوریزي و باکتری ریزوبیوم به‌عنوان یک روش بیولوژیک و پایدار باعث ارتقاي کیفیت ساختمان خاک شد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

کود بیولوژیک, کربن آلی, میانگین وزنی قطر خاکدانه¬ها

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ارجاع به مقاله
حیدریل., بیاتح., حمزه ئیج., قیطاسی رنجبرت., بهرامیان راغبس., & مدینه خرمیف. (2019). اثر تلقیح باکتری ریزوبیوم و قارچ میکوریزی گونه گلوموس موسه¬آ با نخود بر پایداری ساختمان خاک و توزیع اندازه خاکدانه¬ها در دو شرایط گلخانه¬ای و مزرعه¬ای. آب و خاک, 33(6), 897-911. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v33i6.79810
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی