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مهدی حسینی سید علیرضا موحدی نائینی ابوالفضل بامری

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تاثیر شدت خاک ورزی بر روی پتاسیم قابل جذب خاک در خاک های حاوی رس ایلایت و با محدودیت پتاسیم قابل جذب در منطقه گلستان پژوهشی در قالب طرح بلوک کاملاً تصادفی با 5 تیمار و 4 تکرار، طی سال زراعی 89- 88 در اراضی زراعی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان واقع در سید میران اجرا گردید. پنج روش مختلف خاک ورزی شامل شخم با گاوآهن برگرداندار سوار به عمق (25-20 سانتیمتر) به همراه یک شخم با دیسک، رویتواتور (17-12 سانتیمتر)، دیسک (10-8 سانتیمتر)، چیزل (30-25 سانتیمتر) و نظام بدون خاک ورزی بودند. نتایج نشان داد که مقدار پتاسیم خاک با همه عصاره‌گیرها (تترافنیل بران سدیم، استات آمونیوم، اضافه بار پتاسیم و پتاسیم محلول) در تیمار خاک ورزی گاوآهن برگرداندار نسبت به سایر روش های خاک ورزی کمتر بود. زیرا مقاومت مکانیکی در تیمار گاوآهن برگرداندار نسبت به سایر روش های خاک ورزی کمتر شد در نتیجه رشد و توسعه ریشه و جذب پتاسیم توسط گیاه افزایش و در نتیجه پتاسیم خاک کاهش یافت. افزایش شدت خاک ورزی بر غلظت پتاسیم با عصاره گیرهای مختلف فقط در مرحله قبل از خوشه دهی تأثیر معنی داری داشت. خاک ورزی با استفاده از گاوآهن برگرداندار در خاک مورد مطالعه با محدودیت پتاسیم با افزایش تراکم ریشه و سطح تماس ریشه با خاک موجب افزایش جذب پتاسیم توسط گیاه و افزایش تعداد خوشه در واحد سطح و عملکرد گردید. زمانی می توان از عصاره گیرهای خاک برای پیش بینی جذب عناصر توسط گیاه و عملکرد استفاده کرد که رشد ریشه با تیمارهای مختلف یکسان و همبستگی غلظت عناصر غذایی خاک با جذب آنها یک همبستگی مثبت و معنی دار باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
حسینیم., موحدی نائینیس. ع., & بامریا. (2015). تاثیر روش های مختلف خاک ورزی بر روی مقدار پتاسیم قابل جذب خاک با عصاره‌گیرهای مختلف در یک خاک با سطح ویژه زیاد. آب و خاک, 29(4), 966-979. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v0i0.21882
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی