##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

نیلوفر صدری حمیدرضا اولیایی ابراهیم ادهمی مهدی نجفی قیری

چکیده

ارتباط شکل های مختلف پتاسیم با نوع کانی های رسی و تکامل خاک با استفاده از چهارده نمونه خاک سطحی (20-0 سانتی متری) از مناطق انتخابی استان فارس مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. پتاسیم محلول در آب، قابل استخراج با استات آمونیوم یک مولار خنثی، اسید نیتریک یک مولار جوشان و پتاسیم کل اندازه گیری شد. نتایج کانی شناسی نشان داد که کانی های اسمکتیت، ایلیت، پالیگورسکیت و کلریت کانی های غالب در خاک-های مطالعه شده بودند. این پژوهش همچنین نشان داد که مقدار پتاسیم تبادلی، غیر تبادلی و کل در خاک ها به ترتیب در دامنه 230 تا 436، 282 تا 1235 و 2312 تا 9201 میلی گرم بر کیلوگرم خاک بوده‌اند. خاک های مورد مطالعه به طور کلی بر اساس تکامل خاک، کانی شناسی و مقدار پتاسیم کل در سه گروه قرار گرفتند. خاک های تکامل یافته تر (آلفی سولز)، کم تر تکامل یافته (اریدی سولز و اینسپتی سولز) و بدون تکامل پروفیلی (انتی سولز) به ترتیب در گروه های 1، 2 و 3 تقسیم شدند. بیشترین مقدار تمام شکل های پتاسیم، جز پتاسیم محلول در گروه 1 مشاهده شد. رابطه معنی داری همچنین بین تمام شکل های پتاسیم به جز محلول با مقدار ایلیت برقرار شد. نتایج کانی شناسی بیانگر غالب بودن کانی اسمکتیت و ایلیت در خاک آلفی سولز بوده که سبب افزایش پتاسیم قابل دسترس در این خاک ها شده است.

جزئیات مقاله

مراجع
1- Al-Zubaidi A. 2003. Potassium status in Iraqi soils. Proceedings of the regional workshop: Potassium and water management in West Asia and North Africa. Edited by A.E. Johnston, International Potash Institute, pp. 129 – 142.
2- Barre P., Montagnier C., Chenu C., Abbadie L., and Velde B. 2008. Clay minerals as a soil potassium reservoir: observation and quantification through X-ray diffraction. Plant Soil, 302: 213–20.
3- Chapman H.D. 1965. Cation exchange capacity. In: Black, C.A. (ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis, part 2. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Winscousin. pp. 891-901.
4- Cimrin K.M., Akca E., Senol M.B., and Kapur S. 2004. Potassium potential of the soils of the Gaves Region in Eastern Anatolia. Turk. Journal of Agriculture, 28: 259-266.
5- Conveys E.S., and Mclean E.O. 1969. Plant uptake and chemical extractions for evaluating potassium release characteristics of soils. Soil Science of American Journal, 33: 226-230.
6- Datta N.P., Khera M.S., and Ghosh A.B. 1966. Studies on the utilization of baric slag, blast furnace slag, and some indigenous phosphatic deposits in acid soils of Jorhat and Ranchi. Journal Indian Society of Soil Science, 20:263-269.
7- Darst B.C. 1992. Development of the potash fertilizer industry. Potash Review, subject 12, 12th suite.
8- Davatgar N., Kavoosi M., Alinia M.H., and Peykan M. 2005. Evaluation of potassium statue and the effect of soil physicochemical properties in paddy soils of Guilan Province. Journal Water and Soil Science, 4:71-88. (in Persian with English abstract).
9- Esmailpour Fard N., and Givi J. 2007. Removal of nonexchangeable potassium from soil micaceous minerals as affected by organic acids. MSc. Thesis. Dept. of Soil Science, Shahrekord Univ. (in Persian with English abstract).
10- Fotyma M. 2007. Content of potassium in different forms in the soils of southeast Poland. Polish Journal of Soil. Science, 1: 19-39.
11- Ghosh B.N., and Singh R.D. 2001. Potassium release characteristics of some soils of Uttar Pradesh hills varying in altitude and their relationship with forms of soil K and clay mineralogy. Geoderma, 104: 135–140.
12- Guzel N., Buyuk G., and Übrikci H. 2001. Nonexchangeable and exchangeable potassium status of soils in relation to clay mineralogy and other soil properties in the Hilvan Area of Upper Mesopotamia in Southeastern Anatolia. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 32 (17&18): 2877-2892.
13- Igwe C.A., Zarei M., and Stahr K. 2008. Factors affecting potassium status of flood plain soils, Eastern Nigeria. Archives of Agronomy and soil science, 54(3): 309-319.
14- Johns W.D., Grim R.E., and Bradley F. 1954. Quantitative estimation of clay minerals by diffraction methods.JournalSedimentary Petrol. 24: 242-251.
15- Jones U.S. 1978. Fertilizers and soil fertility. Printice-Hall of India.
16- Khademi H., and Mermut A.R. 1998. Source of palygorskite in gypsiferous Aridisols and associated sediments from central Iran. Clay Miner. 33: 561-575.
17- Khormali F., and Abtahi A. 2003. Origin and distribution of clay minerals in calcareous arid and semiarid soils of Fars province, southern Iran. Clay Minerals, 38: 511–527.
18- Kittrick J.A., and Hope E.W. 1963. A procedure for the particle size separation of soils for X- ray diffraction analysis. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 37: 201-205.
19- Kolahchi Z., and Jalali M. 2005. Effect of soil structure, primary potassium and adsorption coefficient in potassium leaching from soil. Agricultural Research of Water, Soil and Plant, 5(1): 54-66. (in Persian)
20- Krauss A., 1997. Potassium, the forgotten nutrient in West Asia and North Africa. Accomplishment and Future Challenges in Dryland Soil Fertility Research in Mediterranean Area, Ed. J. Ryan, ICARDA.
21- Majumdar K.S., Sandy K., and Datta S.H. 2002. Potassium release and fixation behavior of mineralogically different soils of India. 11th World Congress of Soil Science, pp. 14-21.
22- Malakouti M.J., and Homaie M. 2004. Fertility of arid soils (problems and solutions). Tarbiat Modares University Press, 2nd Ed. 482 p. (in Persian)
23- Martin H.W., and Spark D.L. 1983. Kinetics of non- exchangeable potassium release from two coastal plain soils. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 47: 883- 887.
24- Mengel K., and Kirkby E.A. 2001. Principles of Plant Nutrition. 5th ed.: Kluwer. Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
25- Mesut Cimrin K., Akca E., Senol M., Buyuk G., and Kapur S. 2004. Potassium potential of the soils of the Gevas region in eastern Anatolia. TurkishJournal of Agriculture and Forestry, 28: 259-266.
26- Nabiollahy K., Khormali F., Bazargan K., and Ayoubi Sh. 2006. Forms of K as a function of clay mineralogy and soil development. Clay Minerals, 41: 739–749.
27- Najafi-Ghiri M. 2010. Study of morphological and mineralogical properties and potassium status of soils of Fars province. Ph.D. thesis, p. 222, Department of Soil Science, Shiraz University, Iran. (in Persian with English abstract).
28- Najafi-Ghiri M., Abtahi A., Owliaie H.R., and Jaberian F. 2010. Relationship between soil potassium forms and mineralogy in highly calcareous soils of southern Iran. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 4(3): 434-441.
29- Nelson D.W., and Sommers L.E. 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Page, A.L. (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 53: 9-579.
30- Nursyamsi D., Idris K. Sabiham S., Rachim D.A. and Sofyan A. 2008. Dominant soil characteristics influencing available potassium on smectitic soils. Indonesian Journal of Agriculture, 1(2): 121-131.
31- Owliaie H.R., Abtahi A., and Heck R.J., 2006. Pedogenesis and clay mineralogical investigation of soils formed on gypsiferous and calcareous materials, on a transect, southwestern Iran. Geoderma, 134: 62-81.
32- Owliaie H.R., Heydarmah S., Adhami E. and Najafi Ghiri M. 2014. Kinetics of nonexchangeable potassium release in calcareous soils of Kohgilouye Province. Journal Water and Soil Science, 68(2): 99-109. (in Persian with English abstract).
33- Pal Y., Wong M.T.F., and Gilkes R.J. 1999. The forms of potassium and potassium adsorption in some virgin soils from southwestern. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 37: 695-709.
34- Pal D.K., Srivastava P., Durge S.L., and Bhattacharyya T. 2001. Role of weathering of fine-grained micas in potassium management of Indian soils. Applied Clay Science, 20:39–52.
35- Pashaie A. 1999. Quantitative and Qualitative evaluation of clay minerals of loess materials in Gorgan and Dasht region. Proceeding of 6th Iranian Soil Congress, Mashad Ferdowsi of University. 68-69.
36- Pratt P.F. 1965. Potassium. In: Black, C.A. (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, pp. 1022–1030.
37- Rezapour S., Samadi A., Jafarzadeh A.A., and Oustan Sh. 2010. Impact of clay mineralogy and Landscape on potassium Forms in calcareous soils, Urmia Region. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 129(4): 495-507.
38- Rich C.I. 1964. Effect of cation size and pH on potassium exchange in Nason soil. Soil Science, 98(2): 100-106.
39- Rich C.I. 1968. Mineralogy of potassium. PP. 79-108. In: V. J. Kimler, S. E. Younts and N. C. Brady (Eds.), Role of Potassium in Agriculture. American society of Agronomy. Madison, WI.
40- Rowell D.L. 1994. Soil Science: Methods and applications. Longman Scientific and Technical, UK.
41- Salinity Laboratory Staff. 1954. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. Handbook No. 60. Washington (DC): United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
42- Sharpley A.N. 1990. Relationship between potassium forms and mineralogy. Soil ScienceSociety of America,52: 1023–1028.
43- Singh B., and Goulding K.W.T. 1997. Changes with time in the potassium content and phyllosilicates in the soil of the Broad balk continuous wheat experiment at Rothamsted. European Journal of Soil Science, 48: 651–659.
44- Sparks D.L. 1987. Potassium dynamics in soils. Advances in Soil Science, 6: 1–63.
45- Zaernomeli S. 2007. Distribution of the different K pools and its relation with soil profile development and clay mineralogy in some selected soils of Golestan Province. M. Sc. Thesis in Soil Science. Soil Science Department. Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, 110p. (in Persian with English abstract).
ارجاع به مقاله
صدرین., اولیاییح., ادهمیا., & نجفی قیریم. (2015). ارتباط شکل‌های مختلف پتاسیم با کانی‌های رسی و تکامل خاک در برخی خاک های استان فارس. آب و خاک, 30(1), 172-185. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v30i1.38048
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی