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حمید رضا بوستانی مصطفی چرم عبدالامیر معزی نجف علی کریمیان نعیمه عنایتی ضمیر مهدی زارعی

چکیده

آزادسازی روی از خاک در اثر فعالیت‌های بیولوژیکی یکی از عوامل مهم کنترل کننده قابلیت استفاده زیستی روی است. هدف از انجام این پژوهش، بررسی تاثیر تلقیح باکتری های محرک رشد و قارچ میکوریز بر سینتیک آزادسازی روی در خاک آهکی با سطوح مختلف شوری در کشت ذرت بود. آزمایشی فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار در شرایط گلخانه انجام شد. فاکتور اول شامل سطوح شوری خاک (0، 15 و 30 میلی‌اکی والان نمک در کیلوگرم خاک از منابع کلرید سدیم، کلسیم و منیزیم به ترتیب به صورت ترکیبی 1:2:3) و فاکتور دوم تلقیح میکروبی (بدون تلقیح، تلقیح با قارچ، تلقیح با باکتری، تلقیح همزمان باکتری و قارچ) بود. کاربرد همه تیمارهای میکروبی میزان آزادسازی اولیه روی را نسبت به تیمار شاهد افزایش دادند. به ترتیب بیشترین و کمترین آزادسازی اولیه روی در تیمار قارچ-باکتری و باکتری مشاهده شد. همچنین با کاربرد همه تیمارهای میکروبی سرعت رهاسازی روی نسبت به تیمار شاهد کاهش یافت و کمترین کاهش در تیمار قارچ مشاهده شد. به طور کلی افزایش سطوح شوری سبب افزایش آزادسازی اولیه روی و کاهش سرعت آزادسازی روی شد. همچنین شکل محلول و تبادلی بیشترین تاثیر را در کنترل آزادسازی روی داشت. نتایج نشان داد که مدل‌های الوویچ ساده شده، سرعت دو ثابته و پخشیدگی پارابولیک توصیف خوبی را از آزادسازی روی نشان دادند. بر اساس بیشترین ضریب تبیین و کمترین خطای استاندارد، برترین مدل، الوویچ ساده شده تعیین شد، بنابراین به نظر می رسد که مکانیسم اصلی کنترل کننده آزادسازی روی، در خاک مورد آزمایش پدیده پخشیدگی باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
بوستانیح. ر., چرمم., معزیع., کریمیانن. ع., عنایتی ضمیرن., & زارعیم. (2016). شبیه سازی آزادسازی روی تحت تاثیر تلقیح میکروبی و سطوح شوری در یک خاک غیر استریل آهکی با استفاده از مدل‌های سینتیکی. آب و خاک, 30(3), 904-919. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v30i3.41629
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی