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اسماعیل دودانگه کاکا شاهدی کریم سلیمانی

چکیده

در این پژوهش جهت مطالعه فرآیند بارش-رواناب در حوضه آبخیز طالقان از برنامه شبیه¬سازی هیدرولوژیکی فرترن (HSPF) استفاده شده است. علیرغم دقت بالای مدل HSPF، مشکلات موجود در خصوص اندازه گیری بارش در مقیاس¬های زمانی کوتاه مدت (مقیاس ساعتی و کمتر از آن) در حوضه های آبخیز، استفاده از مدل مذکور مخصوصا در شبیه¬سازی های هیدرولوژیکی طولانی مدت را با مشکل مواجه ساخته است. بدین منظور از مدل پالس مستطیلی بارتلت – لویس با پارامتر تصادفی (BLRPM) جهت گسسته سازی داده های بارش و تبدیل بارش¬های روزانه به بارش¬های ساعتی مورد نیاز مدل استفاده گردید. پارامترهای مدل با استفاده از داده های بارش ساعتی، 24 و 48 ساعته ثبت شده در دوره آماری (2006-2009) در ایستگاه‌های باران¬نگار داخل (جوستان و زیدشت) و مجاور حوضه (کلک چال) برآورد گردید. سپس با استفاده از مدل واسنجی شده به گسسته سازی داده‌های بارش روزانه ثبت شده در درون حوضه، در دوره آماری 1995-2005 پرداخته شد. داده¬های بارش ساعتی حاصل از فرایند گسسته¬سازی، جهت شبیه¬سازی دبی¬های روزانه توسط مدل HSPF به کار گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد استفاده از داده¬های بارش ساعتی ثبت شده در ایستگاه کلک چال جهت برآورد پارامترهای مدل BLRPM، موجب تولید بارش¬های با شدت زیاد در فرآیند گسسته¬سازی بارش و برآورد بیشتر دبی¬های اوج توسط مدل هیدرولوژیکی می¬گردد. حذف ایستگاه مذکور از فرایند بهینه سازی مدل BLRPM باعث بهبود عملکرد مدل HSPF با ضریب ناش – ساتکلیف 76/0، ضریب تبیین 79/0 و خطا (RMSE) 11/7 گردید. نتایج این مطالعه بیانگر حساسیت مدل HSPF به انتخاب ایستگاه و پارامتر شدت بارش می-باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
دودانگه ا., شاهدی ک., & سلیمانی ک. (2017). تاثیر انتخاب ایستگاه در بهینه‌سازی پارامترهای مدل پالس مستطیلی بارتلت-لویس اصلاح شده (BLRPM) و عملکرد مدل هیدرولوژیکی HSPF. آب و خاک, 31(3), 754-771. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v31i3.62710
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی