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ليلی نژادزمانی محمد هادی فرپور اعظم جعفری

چکیده

عوامل خاک¬سازی در تشکیل و تکامل خاک¬های هر منطقه مؤثر می¬باشند. در بین عوامل خاک¬سازی تأثیر متقابل اقلیم و توپوگرافی (اشکال اراضی) بر شدت هوادیدگی و تخریب مواد مادری، روند پیدایش و تکامل خاک¬ها را تحت تأثیر قرار می¬دهد. این پژوهش به بررسی اثرات توأم اقلیم و ژئومورفولوژی بر خصوصیات خاک می¬پردازد. منطقه مورد مطالعه از ارتفاعات کوه هزار واقع در نزدیکی شهر راین آغاز و به سطوح فلات واقع در نزدیکی شهر بم ختم شد. رژیم¬های رطوبتی خاک منطقه، زریک و اریدیک و رژیم حرارتی آن، مزیک می¬باشد. تعداد 9 خاکرخ در اشکال اراضی پدیمنت سنگی، پدیمنت پوشیده، دشت دامنه¬ای، فلات و دشت، مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. نتایج افزایش قابلیت هدایت الکتریکی از پدیمنت سنگی به طرف دشت و کاهش آن را در رژیم زریک نسبت به اریدیک نشان داد. وجود افق آرجیلیک در خاکرخ 5، مربوط به اقلیم کنونی و در خاکرخ¬های 8 و 9، مربوط به رطوبت قابل دسترس بیش¬تر در اقلیم گذشته است. تغییر رده خاک در سطح پدیمنت سنگی از اریدی¬سول به اینسپتی¬سول به¬علت تغییر رژیم رطوبتی می¬باشد. پوشش¬ها و پرشدگی¬های کلسیت، گچ و رس و بلورهای منفرد گچ و صفحات در هم قفل شده گچ از عوارض خاک¬ساخت غالب منطقه بودند. کانی¬های ایلیت، کلریت، کائولینیت، اسمکتیت و کوارتز در اشکال اراضی پدیمنت سنگی و پدیمنت پوشیده و کانی پالیگورسکیت منحصراً در شکل اراضی پدیمنت پوشیده مشاهده گردید. نتایج بیان¬گر ارتباط نزدیک خاک با اقلیم و ژئومورفولوژی می¬باشند. تغییر اقلیم و توپوگرافی در منطقه بر خصوصیات خاک¬ها و در نهایت طبقه¬بندی خاک¬های منطقه مؤثر بوده است.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
نژادزمانیل., فرپورم. ه., & جعفریا. (2017). رابطه خاک با اقلیم و سطوح ژئومورفیک در منطقه راین استان کرمان. آب و خاک, 31(6), 1724-1739. https://doi.org/10.22067/jsw.v31i6.67154
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی