عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Sewage sludge (SS) as a source of required plant nutrients has been utilized in many countries for crops production. for investigation of SS application affect in compared to chemical fertilizer treatment (F), on dry matter yield (DMY) and concentration of some macro and micro nutrient in corn, a greenhouse experiment (5 × 3 factorial) arranged in a completely randomized design with three replicates was conducted. The first factor included SS levels (0, 10, 20, 40 and 80 gr kg-1 soil) and the second factor was soil textural classes (clay loam, sandy loam and sandy). A chemical fertilizer treatment was also used to compare its affect with that of SS application levels on growth and chemical composition of corn. For comparison of applied SS levels (one factor) with chemical fertilizer treatment in each soil textural classes was used from a completely randomized design with six treatment and three replicates. The results indicated that addition of SS significantly increased DMY of corn in all textures. Application of SS significantly increased N, P, Fe, Zn, Cu and Mn concentration in corn aerial parts and nutrients deficiencies symptoms disappeared. Nutrients concentrations in corn plants did not reach to toxic levels even at high rates of SS application and concentration of Cd and Pb were negligible and not detectable in shoot corn. Based on nutrient deficiency in calcareous soils especially Zn and Fe, application of SS for contrasting with shortage of these elements can be effective way to eliminate these nutrients shortage. In general, application of SS was superior to chemical fertilizer treatment in increasing concentration of nutrients and DMY of corn. Prior to any SS recommendations the results of this experiment needs to be verified under field conditions.