نقش اندازه خاکدانه بر قابلیت استفاده مس در تعدادی از خاک‌های آلوده به فلزات سنگین

نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه شهرکرد

چکیده

قابلیت استفاده فلزات سنگین به توزیع آن‌ها در خاکدانه‌های با اندازه مختلف بستگی دارد. در این پژوهش تأثیر اندازه خاکدانه بر قابلیت استفاده مس برای گیاه ذرت در تعدادی از خاک‌های آلوده استان اصفهان مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نمونه‌های خاک هوا خشک شده، با استفاده از روش الک خشک به 4 بخش، 4 تا 2، 2 تا 25/0، 25/0 تا 053/0 و کوچکتر از 053/0 میلی‌متر تفکیک شدند. قابلیت استفاده مس در خاک و خاکدانه‌ها با استفاده از روش‌های DTPA-TEA، مهلیچ 1، کلرید کلسیم 01/0 مولار و آب مقطر اندازه‌گیری شد. به منظور بررسی همبستگی بین مس عصاره‌گیری شده و شاخص‌های گیاهی، ذرت به مدت 8 هفته در گلخانه کشت گردید. نتایج نشان داد که مقدار نسبی خاکدانه‌های 25/0تا 2 میلی‌متر در خاک‌های مورد مطالعه بیشترین بود و این خاکدانه‌ها بیشترین سهم را در مقدار مس کل خاک داشتند. بیشترین مقدار مس قابل استفاده در خاکدانه‌های کوچکتر از 05/0 میلی‌متر و پس از آن خاکدانه‌های 05/0 تا 25/0، 25/0 تا 2 و 2 تا 4 میلی‌متر قرار داشتند. مقدار مس قابل استفاده در خاکدانه‌های 05/0 تا 25/0 میلی‌متر و شاخص‌های گیاهی دارای بیشترین همبستگی بود و پس از آن خاکدانه‌های کوچکتر از 05/0، 25/0 تا 2 و 2 تا 4 میلی‌متر قرار داشتند. بنابراین، خاکدانه‌های 05/0 تا 25/0 میلی‌متر سهم بالاتری در تأمین مس برای گیاه ذرت داشته‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Aggregate-Size Fractions on the Availability of Cu in Some Contaminated Soils with Heavy Metals

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akram Farshadirad
  • Alireza Hosseinpour
  • Shojae ghorbani
  • hamidreza motaghian
Shahrekord University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: In recent years, because of the presence of industrial factories around the Isfahan province of Iran and high concentrations of heavy metals in the vicinity of them, and the gradual accumulation of heavy metals from various sources of pollution in urban areas over time, including gasoline combustion, and use of urban waste compost and sewage sludge as fertilizer, there has been widespread concerned regarding the human health problems with increasing heavy metals in soils around the Isfahan city. The variation of composition in the soil matrix may lead to variation of composition and behavior of soil heavy metals. Soil is a heterogeneous body of materials and soil components are obviously in interaction. Studies tacking this complexity often use aggregate measurements as surrogates of the complex soil matrix. So, it is important the understanding soil particle-size distribution of aggregates and its effects on heavy metal partitioning among the size fractions, the fate of metals and their toxicity potential in the soil environment. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the Cu release potential from different size fractions of different polluted soils by different extractants and their availability for corn plant.
Materials and Methods: Five soil samples were collected from the surface soils (0–15 cm) of Isfahan province, in central of Iran. The soil samples were air-dried and ground to pass a 2-mm sieve for laboratory analysis. Air dried samples fractionated into four different aggregate size fractions 2.0–4.0 (large macro-aggregate), 0.25–2 (small macro-aggregate), 0.05–0.25 (micro-aggregate), and

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aggregates-Size Fraction
  • Available Cu
  • Chemical extractants
  • corn
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