Effect of Humic Acid on Physiological indices of Iron Deficiency in Canola (Brassica napus) (cv. Hyola 308)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources

2 Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.


Introduction: Fe is the first identified micronutrient for crops and required in higher amount than other micronutrients. Fe plays important roles in enzyme metabolism, protein metabolism, chlorophyll construction, chloroplast evolution, photosynthesis, respiration and reduction-oxidation reaction as well as organic acids metabolism. Iron, as an essential micronutrient, has great contribution in important antioxidant enzymes activity and through which affects plant tolerance against environmental stresses. Plant enzymes including superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase are among the most important enzymes scavenging the hydrogen peroxide have iron in their structure, so they affected by iron deficiency. In this study, the effect of soil, foliar and fertigation application of humic acid on iron availability, chlorophyll types and superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase enzymes in canola (Hyola 308) were evaluated.
Results and Discussion: Results showed that highest total iron content in plant leaves was obtained in 0.4 percent foliar application and the lowest was belonged to control treatment. Highest iron content in plant stem and active iron was obtained in humic acid application through irrigation at 2000 mg L-1 by 85 and 44.86 mg kg-1, respectively, and lowest amounts were obtained in control by 54.62 and 20.40 mg kg-1. Also, greatest concentration of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll were recorded under0.4 percent humic acid foliar application by 3.58, 1.79 and 5.37 and the lowest chlorophyll contents were associated to control. Highest activities for plant enzymes superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase were obtained under0.1 percent foliar application of humic acid by 4.20 and 1.95 (Iu/gr. FW) and the highest activity for catalase enzyme by 4.46 Iu/gr FW in 1000 mg L-1 humic acid through was irrigation and the lowest enzyme activity obtained in control treatment. Findings showed that application of various levels of humic acid increased plant enzyme activity compared to control in all of three application method (soil, foliar and application through irrigation water). Increasing humic acid concentration decreased enzyme activities. Also, there was negative correlation between activity of plant enzymes and concentation of chlorophyll types and active iron.
Conclusions: Active iron and antioxidant enzymes represent iron status within cell cytoplasm. Based on the results of this study, active iron concentration and activity of antioxidant enzymes are appropriate indices for evaluating plant tolerance to iron deficiency compared to assessing total iron content in leaves.


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