عنوان مقاله [English]
Water is the most important factor in agricultural products, water shortage and low irrigation efficiencies in Iran necessitates research in deficit irrigation. This Study to estimate the production function, calculate the depth and optimal index and effect of deficit irrigation on yield was done in Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center of Hamadan. Test was performed in Split Plot Design based on Randomized Complete Block in three replications with two factors, containing 1: water deficit irrigation treatment namely, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100% of basically potato irrigation requirement. 2: Two clones accompanied with Sante Cultivar. The results indicated the effect of different treatment on yield and water use efficiency was significant at the 1% level. Also with increasing water depth until maximum depth, gross income was increased. Also results showed that the net benefit was the same for the equivalent depth under earth limitation and the maximum water depth by 414761192, 84952553 and 91034463 rails for santeh, 397001-13 and 397008-2 clones. The maximum saved water relative complete irrigation belongs to irrigation equal depth under water limitation. It can be concluded that with the savings of water under deficit irrigation practices, the planting area would increase by 21, 27 and 14% for santeh, 397001-13 and 397008-2 clone. The maximum earning return (Rails per m3 of water) under water limitation will be 6080, 12096 and 14185 rails for santeh, 397001-13 and 397008-2 clones. According to 397008-2 clone relative to other cultivars has the highest earning return, so cultivar of this clone than other varieties is recommended.